Last Post: October 6, 2006:
IEEE 802.11 126.96.36.199 RTS/CTS usage with fragmentation
"The following is a description of using RTS/CTS for a fragmented MSDU or MMPDU. The RTS/CTS frames define the duration of the following frame and acknowledgment. The Duration/ID field in the data and ACK frames specifies the total duration of the next fragment and acknowledgment. This is illustrated in Figure 167.
"Each frame contains information that defines the duration of the next transmission. The duration information from RTS frames shall be used to update the NAV to indicate busy until the end of ACK 0. The duration information from the CTS frame shall also be used to update the NAV to indicate busy until the end of ACK 0. Both Fragment 0 and ACK 0 shall contain duration information to update the NAV to indicate busy until the end of ACK 1. This shall be done by using the Duration/ID field in the Data and ACK frames. This shall continue until the last fragment, which shall have a duration of one ACK time plus one SIFS time, and its ACK, which shall have its Duration/ID field set to 0. Each fragment and ACK acts as a virtual RTS and CTS; therefore no further RTS/CTS frames need to be generated after the RTS/CTS that began the frame exchange sequence even though subsequent fragments may be larger than dot11RTSThreshold. At STAs using a FH PHY, when there is insufficient time before the next dwell boundary to transmit the subsequent fragment, the STA initiating the frame exchange sequence may set the Duration/ID field in the last data or management frame to be transmitted before the dwell boundary to the duration of one ACK time plus one SIFS time.
"In the case where an acknowledgment is sent but not received by the source STA, STAs that heard the fragment, or ACK, will mark the channel busy for the next frame exchange due to the NAV having been updated from these frames. This is the worst-case situation, and it is shown in Figure 168. If an acknowledgment is not sent by the destination STA, STAs that can only hear the destination STA will not update their NAV and may attempt to access the channel when their NAV updated from the previously received frame reaches zero. All STAs that hear the source will be free to access the channel after their NAV updated from the transmitted fragment has expired."
I hope this helps. Thanks. /criss